Nature of the Profession: Bookkeeping and accounting clerks process information from business source documents such as invoices, receipts and bank records, record information in an accounting database, and communicate information to management in the form of financial statements and other reports. Other responsibilities may include invoicing, processing of accounts receivable or accounts payable, and payroll. In addition to understanding accounting principles and record-keeping, the technological environment of most businesses and organizations require that bookkeeping and accounting clerks possess good computer skills, including the use of accounting software. Other skills required in today’s competitive environment include:
- Analytical and problem-solving skills
- Effective organizational, verbal and written communication skills
- Attention to detail and a high level of accuracy
- Ability to maintain confidentiality
Education and Training: Most bookkeepers and accounting clerks need college training. Having some college is increasingly important, and an associate degree is required for some positions. Formal classroom training in specialized computer software, such as QuickBooks may also be necessary.
Working Conditions: Financial clerks may work longer hours to meet deadlines at the end of the fiscal year, during tax time, or when monthly and yearly accounting audits are performed. Billing, bookkeeping, and accounting clerks in hotels, restaurants, and stores may work overtime during peak holiday and vacation seasons.
Salary Range: $24,540 - $37,780 per year.
Employment Outlook: Employment of bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks is projected to grow by 12 percent during the 2006-16 decade, which is an increase of 7 to 13 % for all occupations. Due its size, this occupation will have among the largest numbers of new jobs arise, about 264,000 over the projections decade. The large size of this occupation ensures plentiful job openings, including many opportunities for temporary and part-time work.
Nature of the Profession: Graduates with a two-year business management degree are employed in mid-level management positions or as assistant managers. The tasks they perform vary from business to business but usually involve the supervision of other employees and ensuring that the operating procedures of a given area within the business are conducted in an efficient, profitable, and cost-effective manner. Managers work with their supervisors to formulate, modify, and implement policies which direct the activities and operations of the company. Gathering data and organizing information for reports and making recommendations to superiors is routine.
Education & Training: The Business Management program at Tyler Junior College is structured to provide the necessary knowledge for entry-level management positions. This program is ideal for the person who is currently employed and is looking for the knowledge and credentials that will help them advance within their organization. It is also well-suited to support the small business owner or entrepreneur who is in need of the skills necessary to better manage and help their enterprise grow. Courses may be used to complete a Bookkeeping Certificate, Leadership Certificate, Retail Management Certificate, Small Business Certificate, and Associate of Applied Science Business Management degree at TJC. Advanced degrees can be obtained through BAAS offerings at University of Texas at Tyler, Texas A&M-Commerce and Stephen F. Austin State University. The University of Texas at Tyler also offers a Bachelor of Science degree in Human Resource Development.
Salary Range: $25,000 - $40,000 per year.
Employment Outlook: Employment of business managers is projected to increase 9 to 17% for all occupations through 2016 across the nation.
Nature of the Profession: As organizations continue to grow there is an increasing demand for capable leaders at all levels of an organization. Leadership is focused on providing a vision for an organization, department, or team and motivating individuals to achieve that vision. Leadership is a unique discipline that requires different skills than management, yet they work hand in hand to achieve an organization’s goals. Promotional opportunities are greater for individuals who have proven leadership and management skills.
Education and Training: This certificate is designed to build and enhance leadership skills needed to motivate, manage, and lead in the dynamic environment of business. Classes focus on understanding individual and group dynamics, learning basic management techniques, building and applying leadership skills, and developing cognitive abilities to analyze information and improve decision making. The focus of this certificate is on first-line and mid-level management but the same techniques and skills apply to upper level management as well.
Working Conditions: Working conditions vary but are always challenging. Leaders may work in offices or out in the field depending upon the industry. Most management and leadership positions require between 40 – 60 hours a week but most individuals are well paid for their time.
Salary Range: $24,580 –$57,780 (Dependent upon industry and management level)
Employment Outlook: Reports from the U.S. Department of Labor, Current Employment Statistics, show average annual employment in professional and business services for 2012 was 18,783,000, an improvement over the previous three years. Employment should grow as fast as the average for most fields through the year 2014, but many service industries will expand more than others. Employment should grow rapidly in computer services, management, consulting, public relations, and other business services. Little to no change in employment is expected in some manufacturing industries.
Tyler Junior College offers a Retail Management Certificate program that can be completed within two years while working full or part time. All courses are college-level and can potentially apply to more advanced educational programs such as an associate’s degree or a bachelor’s degree. All certificate credits will apply directly to an AAS in Business Management at Tyler Junior College.
The retail industry, the “Main Street of America,” encompasses a wide range of product sectors including chain pharmacy and drug, supermarket and grocery, food service and drinking, sporting goods, motor vehicle and parts dealers, books and music, electronics, health and personal care, home furnishings, home and garden improvement, apparel and accessories, and auto services.
The content of the curriculum is designed for any of the retail sectors.
WAFC Endorsed: The certificate is designed to prepare students for career opportunities and upward mobility in the retail industry and is endorsed by the Western Association of Food Chains. TJC is the first community college in Texas to provide this endorsed academic program. The certificate course content and learning outcomes mirror those advocated by the National Retail Federation. www.wafc.com
Community Partners: Brookshire’s Grocery Company (BGC) is the founding partner with Tyler Junior College in promoting this training to encourage professional development of their employees. TJC’s commitment to retailers and students is to provide flexible course delivery that meets your needs. Courses will be delivered directly to sponsoring employer training facilities or on the TJC campus using face-to-face, online or hybrid (combination f2f + online) modalities. Interested employers should contact Deborah Welch (email@example.com) for customized scheduling tailored to meet the needs of employee groups.
Nature of the Retail Profession: The retail profession includes a wide range of product sectors encompassing chain pharmacy and drug, supermarket and grocery, food service and drinking, sporting goods, motor vehicle and parts dealers, books and music, electronics, health and personal care, home furnishings, home and garden improvement, apparel and accessories, and auto services. As the #1 private sector employer, retail encompasses more than 3.6 million businesses, supports 42 million jobs and generates 18 percent of domestic GDP. Retailers are the employers – large and small – that directly and indirectly account for one out every four American jobs. Anyone whose job results in a consumer product – from those who supply the raw materials to factory workers to the truck drivers who deliver goods to stores – counts on retail for their livelihood. Retail is not just about customer-facing jobs inside stores; it also supports positions like marketing and IT and the pricing and warehouse jobs in retail distribution centers.
Education and Training: While entry-level opportunities do not require formal education, advancement and higher earning positions require advanced knowledge supported by a college education. College graduates usually can enter directly into management training programs sponsored by their company, with limited experience.
Employment Outlook: With 3.6 million stores drawing on a vast array of suppliers, retail supports 42 million jobs and $2.5 trillion of annual GDP in the United States. Retailing comprises 24.1% of U.S. employment and 16% of Texas GDP. Most of the 100 largest U.S. markets increased their retail employment levels between 2010 and 2011. Houston added 6,700 retail jobs between 2010 and 2011, the second-highest retail job increase in the U.S., with Dallas-Fort Worth ranked third, and Austin placing sixth nationally. In total, Houston recorded 268,400 retail jobs in 2011, according to an analysis of U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics data by the Business Journals’ On Numbers. Job growth is expected at a 7% rate. (Price Waterhouse Cooper calculations and data from the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, the Census Bureau, and the Bureau of Labor Statistics.)
Small Business Management
Nature of the Profession: Small business is the heart of our economy employing 56% of the entire American workforce and accounting for 80% of all new jobs. Owning a small business can be exciting and the amount of profit is limited only by the entrepreneur and his/her ability.
Education and Training: The small business certificate is designed to give the first-time entrepreneurs a basic foundation and skill sets to help them launch and operate a small business successfully. Training will include a basic understanding of management, marketing, finance and accounting. The student will also develop a working business plan to guide in the opening, funding, and operation of their business idea.
Working Conditions: Business owners wear many hats and work in many different environments depending upon the type of business operation and industry. The typical entrepreneur can expect to work between 40-80 hours a week during the first year of operation and is responsible for many of the operations of the business. Most entrepreneurs don’t mind working long hours as their businesses tend to be in areas they enjoy.
Salary Range: $24,580 – $37,780 (difficult to estimate as salary can change based on business size and industry)
Employment Outlook: The small business environment continues to be challenging given the current economic conditions. Credit conditions are improving. In mid-2010, commercial banks began to ease the tight lending conditions on small businesses that had begun in early 2007, and credit has continued to flow, as loans under $1 million totaled $695 billion in FY 2009. Also, after declining over the past few years, venture capital investment dollars increased in mid-2010. As the economy continues to improve, the outlook for small business should improve.