Nature of the Occupation
Goods and services. State and local governments provide their constituents with vital services that may not be available otherwise, such as transportation, public safety, healthcare, education, utilities, and courts.
Industry organization. Excluding education and hospitals, State and local governments employ about 8.3 million workers, placing them among the largest employers in the economy. Seven out of 10 of these employees work for local governments, such as counties, cities, special districts, and towns.
Education and Training
Tyler Junior College offers two one semester Marketable Skills Achievement Awards, one Certificate of Proficiency and a two-year Associate of Applied Science degree in Public Administration which is structured to provide the necessary knowledge and skills required for entry-level positions in a wide range of State and local governments.
Working conditions vary by occupation and, in some instances, by size and location of the State or local government. Most professional, financial operations, and office and administrative support workers in State and local government work a standard 40-hour week in an office environment. However, workers in some of the most visible local government jobs have very different working conditions and schedules. A number of other State and local government jobs also require weekend or night work. For example, split, weekend, and night shifts are common for water and other public utility workers.
Earnings and wages vary by occupation, size of the State or locality, and region of the country. As in most industries, professionals and managers earn more than other workers.
Although job prospects vary by State and region, overall prospects are expected to be favorable.
Wage and salary employment in State and local government is projected to increase 8% during the 2008–18 period. Professional and service occupations accounted for over half of all jobs in State and local government. Most new jobs will stem from steady demand for community and social services, health services, and protective services, including law enforcement and fire fighting and prevention workers. Employment of management, business, and financial occupations is projected to grow at about the same rate as overall employment in State and local government. Employment in office and administrative support occupations in State and local government is expected to remain close to current levels.